In the 6-5th centuries BC in Northern Black Sea Coast began resettlements of Greek colonists. Their largest cities - Olviya, the Shooting gallery, Chersonese, united in 480 to the Bosporsky kingdom with the capital in Panticapaeum (on the place of Kerch), did brisk business the centers of the Mediterranean and local community. Bread, fish, skin, slaves were taken out, wine, olive oil, products of art and craft were imported. For expansion of commercial relations between a classical antiquity and Priazovye the bosporsky Greeks at the beginning of 3rd based century BC in the mouth of Don Mr. Tanais.
Initially the city was divided into two parts: east in which probably there lived the local community and western, belonging to Greeks (tell the inscriptions which are beaten out on stone plates about it). Each part of the city had the defensive walls. The western part represented the inhabited and farm buildings which do not have the correct planning with curved stone walls, paved court yard, twisting alleys and was destroyed at a turn of our era by a retaliatory expedition of the bosporsky tsar. In the first centuries AD the life in Tanais concentrated in east part turned into the fortress of almost square shape with defensive walls, towers and a deep ditch. In the II and first half of the 3rd century AD the city reached the blossoming.
Excavation demonstrates that its inhabitants were engaged in cattle breeding, fishery, agriculture and crafts. In houses, stone zernoterka, furnaces for baking of bread, an amphora with flour, a millet, barley, wheat, a rye, iron mattocks and sickles are found. Forms for casting of vessels, jewelry and mirrors, pottery with a characteristic ornament from notches and nalep, a product of skillful carvers of a stone are found. The antique geographer Strabo calls Tanais the biggest after Panticapaeum "torzhishchy" where bargains between nomads and bosporsky Greeks were concluded. In the middle of the 3rd century Tanais was destroyed by tribes of the gothic union. At the end of the 4th century the life in the city renewed, but Tanais did not reach former power and at the beginning of the 5th century ceased to exist. Now on the place of the ancient city archaeological memorial estate.