Creation of the Rostov region
Formation of the Rostov region, its exarticulation from Azovo-Chernomorsky edge was a component of the general process of territorial repartition of Don and the North Caucasus which began in connection with adoption of the new constitution of the USSR and increase in this regard in the status of a number of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation.
The large role was played by economic factor. As a result of industrialization policy to the second half of the 30th years on Don and the North Caucasus the powerful industrial base was created. The Azovo-Chernomorsky edge changed by this time too, and its economy could not be directed from one administrative center. The management admitted that "the edge extremely big was also for the management difficult" (From a speech of the 1st secretary of the Rostov regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) E.G. Evdokimov on the II Plenum of the Rostov regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks)).
On September 13, 1937 the Azovo-Chernomorsky edge which had 144 areas was divided by the Resolution of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR into Krasnodar Krai with the center in Krasnodar and to the Rostov region with the center in Rostov-on-Don.
Pretty fast also the new regional party and soviet leadership was quickly appointed. You should not forget that creation of area fell on the period of the mass political repressions which fell upon the country in 1937-38, and the appointed and chosen leaders of area often changed.
The new area consisted of 7 cities and 61 rural areas and had 2,887,418 people of the population (for January 1, 1939). By January 1, 1939 because of increase in the status of a number of settlements the number of the cities increased to 11.
The Rostov region played a large role in economy of all Soviet Union. There was growth of urban population quicker (43.6% in 1940), than in general on the Union (32.8%). From 1926 to 1939 the urban population of area almost doubled. It was explained by higher rates of industrialization and industrial development of area. Violently coal industry grew, the mechanical engineering, metallurgy, the food and flavoring industry developed.
The population in general on area also grew quicker, than on the Union (from 1926 to 1939 for 18.2% on area and for 15.9% on the Union). High average annual natural increase of the population – 1.3% in the cities and 2.3% in rural areas remained. Workers and employees totaled 627,100 people. 35% made of the total number of workers of the industry women.
Economic life of area began along with the beginning of implementation of the 3rd five-year plan. In the territory of the Rostov region by 1940 123 enterprises of allied value and 97 republican, apart from a large number of smaller local enterprises were located. Annually the area gave to the country of 10 million tons of coal, over half a million tons of martin steel, 5 thousand combines, 15 thousand polutoratonny cars, 35.5 thousand cultivators, over 4 thousand tons of the enameled ware, about 10 million pairs of shoes, 450 thousand centners of fish, 16 million cans of canned food, up to 14 billion pieces of cigarettes. The increase in productivity of work on the regional industry was 22.5% in 1938-39. Here surely the Rostselmash where the increase in productivity of work in a year was 65.1% was in the lead.
The Rostov region was one of the largest in the Soviet Union on crops of grain crops. In 1938 - 1940 the area delivered to the state (respectively by years) 66 million poods, 47.5 million poods and 72 million poods.
In the territory of the area the livestock production, vegetable growing and potato growing developed, commercial crops, grapes were cultivated.
Steadily the literacy and cultural level of the population grew. In the area there were 2593 schools of all levels (initial, incomplete averages, averages), the contingent of pupils by the beginning made 1939/1940 academic years 532,600 people. However there were obviously not enough preschool institutions, they covered only 5168 children. And cultural institutions was insignificant a little. Libraries in the area there were 208. Movie theaters were only under construction (18 in two years).
The Rostov region always differed in a large number of higher education institutions. And during their considered period in the area there were 15.
In general the Rostov region created in 1937 was a powerful durable organism. It took the important place among other regions and areas of the Soviet Union.
RESOLUTION OF THE CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE USSR ON DIVISION OF AZOVO-CHERNOMORSKOGO OF EDGE INTO KRASNODAR KRAI AND THE ROSTOV REGION
Moscow. Kremlin. September 13, 1937.
The central Executive Committee of the USSR decides: to approve the following resolution of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee:
A) to divide Azovo-Chernomorsky edge into Krasnodar Krai with the center in Krasnodar and the Rostov region with the center in Rostov-on-Don.
B) To allocate the following 7 cities and 61 areas in structure of the Rostov region.
- Kamensk - Shakhty
- d. red Sulin
- Mr. Millerovo
- Shakhty with suburbs
- Upper Don
- Kryvyi Rih
C) to leave other cities and districts of the former Azovo-Chernomorsky region as a part of Krasnodar Krai.
Chairman of the Central Election Commission of the USSR: M. Kalinin
Secretary of the CEC: A. Gorkin
Collection of laws and orders of the Workers' and Peasants' Government of the USSR, No. 61, No. 267. Published in No. 215 of News of the Central Election Commission of the USSR and VTsIK 14 sentyabrya1937; gas. "Hammer" 14 sentyabrya1937 No. 4887
FROM the RESOLUTION of the II PLENUM of the ROSTOV REGIONAL COMMITTEE of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) On TRANSFORMATION of the PLENUM of AZOVO-ChERNOMORSKOGO of REGIONAL COMMITTEE of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) To the ROSTOV REGIONAL COMMITTEE of PARTY
October 5-7, 1937.
… 3. Because from the cash list of 55 members of a plenum of Regional committee of party there were within the Rostov region 35 members of a plenum of Regional committee and from the list of 15 candidates for members of a plenum of Regional committee there were within the Rostov region 10 candidates for members of a plenum of Regional committee, - to transform a plenum of Azovo-Chernomorsky Regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) to the Rostov Regional committee of party …
TsDNIRO. F. R-9. Op.1. 2. L. Craw.