Work with minors
More than 793 thousand children aged live up to 18 years in the Rostov region on statistical data.
In the region it is created and successfully the developed network of institutions of education, psychology and pedagogical, medical and social assistance to children functions. Including work:
- 29 separate educational institutions implementing the adapted educational programs for students with limited opportunities of health, 9 general education and 3 sanatorium boarding schools;
- 26 organizations for orphan children and children without parental support in whom more than 300 pupils live; 21 centers of psychology and pedagogical, medical and social assistance.
In the system of social security authorities of the Rostov region function 47 institutions of social service of family and children, including: 27 social and rehabilitation centers for minors, 6 social shelters for children and teenagers, 6 centers of social assistance to family and children, 3 rehabilitation centers for children and teenagers with limited opportunities, 1 center of complex rehabilitation and an abilitation for children and teenagers with limited opportunities, 1 center of the psychology and pedagogical help to family and to children, 1 complex center of social service of the population, 2 children's nursing homes.
Activities for ensuring protection of the rights and legitimate interests of minors, social and pedagogical rehabilitation of the children and teenagers who are in socially dangerous situation and also for work with the families needing the help of the state and society are regulated by 63 municipal commissions on affairs of minors and protection of their rights, coordination of their work is carried out by the regional interdepartmental commission on affairs of minors and protection of their rights.
Concerning the families which are in socially dangerous situation and staying on the registry in the commissions on affairs of minors and protection of their rights the comprehensive programs of maintenance directed to the solution of the main problems – employment, treatment for dependences, the child parental relations are implemented.
For these purposes 2138 educational psychologists, more than 725 social teachers of the educational organizations of area, 1182 Ombudsmen for Children are involved in the educational organizations.
The regional service of employment organized vocational education and additional professional education of women in the period of a child care leave before achievement of age of three years by it.
Protection of the rights and legitimate interests of orphan children and children without parental support, is among priority activities of the Government of the Rostov region.
In the total number of children of the Rostov region the share of orphan children and children without parental support, makes about 1.2% (about 9 thousand people). From them the vast majority (95%) live in families of adoptive parents, trustees, trustees, adoptive parents.
For stimulation of the family device of orphan children and social support of the children transferred to education to families, regional laws of December 26, 2005 No. 426-ZS "About Monthly Monetary Pay of the Orphan Children and Children Without Parental Support Transferred to Families of Trustees or Trustees" and of October 22, 2005 to No. 369-ZS "About measures of social support of orphan children and children without parental support regarding contents in foster homes" from means of the regional budget payments which amount annually increases are provided.
For observance of the rights and legitimate interests sponsored and wards of orphan children by tutorship and guardianship authorities exercise control of conditions of their life in families of trustees, trustees, adoptive parents (further – the replacing families).
For prevention of returns of children from the replacing families in public institutions and training of adoptive parents the order and the 65-hour program of training are approved. Training of citizens for acceptance of orphan children on education is carried out by 35 organizations (the centers of psychology and pedagogical, medical and social assistance, the centers of the help to children, the social and rehabilitation centers). Annually at the expense of means of the regional budget more than 1 thousand people have training.
Within escort of the replacing families in the centers of the help to children on a regular basis classes in "Club of the replacing families" for children, parents and in child parental groups are given.
The psychology and pedagogical help to the replacing families in the form of consultations, classes, seminars, development of methodical recommendations and grants on education and development of adopted children appears experts.
In the centers of the help to children within a year also there take place the actions directed to support and maintenance of family living arrangement of orphan children: "Fairs of family traditions", "Summer exit schools for the replacing families", "Festivals of family creativity", "New Year's morning performances" within the stock "New Year in the Bosom of the Family". Distinctive feature of actions – specially created conditions for joint activity of all participants of process of family living arrangement: the pupils of the centers of the help to children replacing families, candidates in replacing parents, citizens who think of inclusion in the family of the orphan child, but did not make the final decision and experts yet. Parents and children can receive the professional help of the psychologist, social teacher, physician.
The wide range of measures of social support of families with children, including having many children is implemented. In 2019 9.4 billion rubles were directed to the specified purposes.
For continuity of problems of National Strategy of actions for the benefit of children, maintaining priority of questions of protection and ensuring the rights and the interests of children in the state policy of the Russian Federation, according to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 29.05.2017 No. 240 "About the Announcement in the Russian Federation Decades of the Childhood" the plan of the main events held in the territory of the Rostov region within a Decade of the childhood until 2020 is created.