Population policy in the Rostov region
The Rostov region is included into the six of the largest territories on number of the living inhabitants.
Current trends of demographic development affected decrease in indicators of birth rate. In 2019 37.7 thousand children were born (8.1% less, than for 2018). At the same time preservation enough high rates of mortality of the population – 55.7 thousand people in a year - caused natural losses of the population – 18.0 thousand people. The resident population of the Rostov region by the beginning of 2020 according to Rosstat was 4,197.8 thousand people.
2019 became the beginning of implementation of the national projects which defined the priority directions of development of the country till 2024.
And the main, narodosberegayushchy, the project "Demography" is.
The regional project "Financial Support of Families for the Birth of Children" is directed to introduction by 2024 of the mechanism of financial support of families for the birth of children, creating favorable conditions for activity of family and also minimization of the social risks connected with change of financial position of citizens in connection with the birth of children.
In the Rostov region the system of social support of families with children which includes 16 types of grants and payments to families with children works: 8 types are regional measures of social support and 8 types - federal.
Annually the sizes of regional grants and payments to families with children are indexed taking into account the rate of inflation.
In general in the Rostov region about 200 thousand families with children receive measures of social support.
The system of social support of families with children is built in such a way that in process of growing of the child or emergence in family of the third and subsequent children the number of measures of social support increases.
Till the child's birth the monthly monetary payment on good nutrition which amount in 2020 - 1,146 rub is guaranteed to the pregnant woman having the corresponding medical indications.
At the birth in family of the child the parents have the right to address to social security authorities of the population and to receive a number of benefits and payments at the expense of means of federal and regional budgets.
Among them the new measure entered in 2018 - the monthly payment in connection with the birth (adoption) of the first child provided before achievement of age by it 3 years, to families which average per capita income does not exceed the 2-fold size of a living wage of able-bodied population established in the Rostov region for the second quarter of the year preceding year of the request for purpose of the specified payment (in 2020 - 22,742.00 rub). The amount of payment in 2020 is 11,099 rub.
Along with purpose of monthly payment at the birth of the first child if the applicant does not work, then the question of purpose of such types of grants as a lump sum is considered at the child's birth (the size in 2020 - 18,004.12 rub) and a monthly allowance on child care before achievement of age of one and a half years by it (the sizes in 2020: on the first child – 3,375.77, on the second child – 6,751.54 rub).
At the expense of means of the regional budget it are provided to needy families a child allowance (the size in 2020 – 436 rub); monthly monetary payment on children of first or second of life for acquisition of special dairy products of baby food (the size in 2020 – 867 rub) and also, in the presence of the conclusion of the doctor to children under three years from needy families monthly monetary payment on good nutrition, which size in 2020 - 1,146 rub.
The list of measures of social support of large families is much wider, than for ordinary families with children.
So, large families receive monthly monetary payment on each child (the size in 2020 – 436 rub) and compensation for expenses on payment of utilities of 50%, including solid fuel.
In the Rostov region, since 2012, a number of additional regional measures of support of families with children is entered.
One of them, the most significant – regional maternity capital.
At the request of the Governor of the Rostov region V.Yu. Golubev the amount of regional maternity capital for 2020 is indexed and is in 2020 - 121,287 rub.
According to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 07.05.2012 No. 606 "About Measures for Implementation of Population Policy of the Russian Federation" in the area since 2013 in the area the monthly monetary payment at the birth of the third child is provided or the subsequent children before achievement of 3 years by the child of age. The amount of payment in 2020 - 8,954 rubles.
Also since 2013 to needy families of area, including the families with children which got into a difficult life situation there is an address social assistance on the basis of the social contract of 60.0 thousand rubles for development of family potential (opening of private enterprise, development of personal subsidiary farm, professional training with the subsequent employment, etc.). The social contract once in three years is signed.
Since January, 2020 for the large families staying on the registry on receiving the land plots in property free of charge the alternative measure of the state support affects improvement of living conditions – issue of land certificates which can be directed to acquisition of housing in primary and secondary market, construction of a house, entering of a share into housing cooperative, repayment of the housing credit or loan.
Results of realization in the field of demographically the focused system of social support of families with children positive, namely the number of large families grew from 21.0 thousand at the beginning of 2012 to 42.5 thousand families as of 01.01.2020.
For efficiency of the provided social measures and stimulation of birth rate since January 1, 2020 at the request of the Governor of the Rostov region V.Yu. Golubev measures for additional social support of families with children are taken:
- the uniform type of monthly monetary payment on good nutrition of pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under three years in the increased size - 1,146 rub instead of five types of payments operating earlier is entered, (the sizes were from 201.0 rub to 552 rub);
- the period of granting measures social is increased support on children from large families from 16 to 18 years, in case of training of the child in full-time courses in the educational organization (except for the organization of additional education) before the end of such training;
- the period of granting a child allowance from 16 to 18 years, in case of training of the child in full-time courses in the educational organization (except for the organization of additional education) before the end of such training, but not longer, than before achievement of age of 23 years by it is increased;
- the measure of social support in a type of free providing with the vehicle (minibus) of the needy large families which are adequately raising eight and more minor children is entered.
Actions of all executive authorities and local government are directed to improvement of a demographic situation in the Rostov region. The efficiency of this work is on constant control of the Governor of the region V.Yu. Golubev.
Within the regional interdepartmental commission on social and demographic questions, problems are discussed and jointly ways of their decision are defined.
Further carrying out in the Rostov region active population policy will allow to increase quality of life of citizens and to create conditions for growth of population of area.
Commissions and councils
The official site - http://mintrud.donland.ru/