"About complex development of rural territories of the Rostov region"
"Government hour" of a meeting of Legislative Assembly of the Rostov region
Dear Vasily Yuryevich, Alexander Valentinovich!
Dear deputies, attendees!
The Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation in 2019 developed the state program "Complex development of rural territories" (Russian Federation Government decree of 31.05.2019 No. 696).
In the Rostov region, also municipal programs are adopted regional.
In 2025 it is necessary to provide:
- preservation of a share of country people in total population, both country, and region. In the Rostov region this rate is 32% that above, than over the country (25.1% a target indicator);
- achievement of a ratio of the located resources of rural and city households up to 72.4 percent. In the Rostov region this ratio following the results of 2019 makes 75.6%;
- increase in a share of total area of well-planned premises in rural settlements up to 43.2 percent. In the Rostov region this share makes 38.5%.
Proceeding from it priorities for us are realization of the actions promoting creation of conditions for improvement of life, salary increase, development of productions in rural territories.
The Rostov region constantly and actively participates in actions of federal programs. At the same time means of the regional budget invest more than federal. The industry ministries and municipalities are involved in implementation of the state program.
So from 2014 for 2019 only according to the program of sustainable development of rural territories 7 billion rubles, from them means of the regional budget – 4.3 billion, federal – 2.4 billion, local budgets – 300 million rubles were directed.
From regions of the Southern Federal District the Rostov region directed the largest amount of funds from the regional budget that allowed to attract 33% of the total amount of federal funds (across the Southern Federal District).
During this time:
about 2 thousand rural families improved living conditions;
put into operation of 107 engineering objects;
381 kilometers of local water supply systems are constructed,
502 kilometers of distribution gas networks and 82 km of highways in rural areas;
9 projects of complex arrangement of platforms under compact housing building and 15 projects on improvement of rural settlements are implemented.
Level of security of country people with the centralized water supply increased by 7 percent (57.8% in 2014 to 64.9% in 2019), gas – for 8 percent (from 56.8% to 64.7% in 2019).
However there are yet not installed gas settlements, in many territories there is no centralized giving of drinking water, objects of social and engineering infrastructure demand updating and repair.
In the current year, in pursuance of orders of the Governor of the region, on realization of actions of the "Complex Development of Rural Territories" state program budgetary funds are provided of an order
1 billion 100 million rubles, from them means of the regional budget – 789 million rubles (considering reserve fund). about 300 million rubles from the federal budget are attracted.
For the purpose of fixing of experts in rural areas the social payments on improvement of living conditions in the current year are provided to 125 rural families (176.5 million rubles). All recipients work in agrarian and industrial complex and social sphere, 33 their families them – having many children. State support of 70% of the estimated cost of housing is provided.
But it is much more persons interested to improve the living conditions. And the state program offers the new direction – a rural mortgage.
Now in the area this new action successfully is implemented by three accredited banks - on creation of conditions for providing country people with affordable and comfortable housing. The soft loan for citizens is granted at the rate from 2.7% to 3% per annum.
Today banks (Rosselkhozbank, Center-Invest, Sberbank) more than 4 thousand requests for the sum more are accepted from citizens
8 billion rubles. 709 credit agreements for the sum of 1 billion 361 million rubles are signed already.
In this regard it is necessary to inform the population on such opportunity to improve the living conditions more actively.
The key direction of the state program is a providing rural territories with engineering, transport infrastructure, to improvement of settlements.
In the current year on construction and design of 43 objects in 17 municipal districts of area more than 900 million rubles are provided.
These are 9 water facilities, 6 gasification facilities, 2 platforms under compact housing building, 9 projects on improvement of rural territories, 2 highways, 9 objects for development of the project documentation, and within the "Modern Look of Rural Territories" project capital repairs 5 recreation centers, one sports ground.
Works on construction objects are conducted according to schedules.
After completion of construction of facilities more than 80 kilometers of gas and water supply systems will be put into operation. It more than 3 thousand villagers will create conditions of comfortable stay.
Performance of all planned actions and achievement of the target indicators provided by the state program is the main task until the end of the year.
About plans for 2021.
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Production of area on the basis of initiatives of municipal districts forms offers on financing of federal and regional budgets for the forthcoming 2021 and the subsequent 2022 and 2023.
It is known that according to the state program of the Russian Federation "Complex development of rural territories" the amount of funds of the federal budget is considerably reduced (in initial edition in 2020 it was supposed to direct 79 billion rubles, 36 billion rubles are provided in the current version, in 2021 – 160 billion rubles were planned, 34 billion rubles are provided in the current version of the program, the draft of the program with volume = by 31 billion rubles is prepared for the adoption of the law on the federal budget).
Applications of regions are considered taking into account all criteria and compliance to program conditions.
In the application company which is carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation on selection of projects on financing in 2021 in the "Modern Look of Rural Territories" direction, 10 areas prepared projects. According to requirements of competitive selection 21 projects of complex development of territories for the total amount of 817 million rubles were presented. (from them means of the federal budget – 705.2 million rubles). 3 projects of the Rostov region for the total amount of 291.2 million rubles, from them means of the federal budget – 253.7 million rubles (1 project of the Ust-Donetsky area, 2 projects of Oktyabrsky district) are selected.
The selected projects include construction of networks of water supply (20 km), capital repairs of sewer network (1.2 km), capital repairs of 2 recreation centers, lyceum and kindergarten. All this will be made for the benefit of 7 thousand villagers. 16.5 million rubles of extrabudgetary funds will be raised.
Are determined by the main conditions of selection of projects of complex development of rural territories within "Modern look of rural territories":
- attraction of extrabudgetary funds;
- creation in the concrete territory of new jobs;
- interest in implementation of the project and development of the concrete territory of local community.
The separate directions of Gosprogramma provided realization of the directions not only in rural territories, but also in rural agglomerations which I include the small cities with the population which is not exceeding 30 thousand people (the cities: Zverevo, Zernograd, Konstantinovsk, Morozovsk, Proletarsk, Semikarakorsk, Tsimlyansk).
But there are no offers and projects of complex development of the territory from agglomerations yet.
I consider important to continue work, with participation of deputies, on explanation to the population of conditions of the program, informing business on actions of the state program and their attraction to participation in projects of complex development of rural territories.
In this regard training of specialists who are engaged in realization of actions of the state program is relevant. So, on the basis of "Boiling point" in DGTU, in September of the current year, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation organized skills development in the field of complex development of rural territories for employees of local governments. From the Rostov region 293 experts, from them 203 workers from local governments of 43 municipal districts of the Rostov region were trained. The gained knowledge and skills will allow to solve joint efforts of all levels of the power the tasks set by the state program.
The Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation in the draft of the federal budget of the Rostov region for 2021-2023 provided means about 803 million rubles, from them in 2021 – 407.5 million rubles.
In the regional budget to the first reading for 2021-2023 to Ministry of Agriculture and Food Production of area on completion of works on the passing objects and a number of new objects means are provided of 1.3 billion rubles, from them in 2021 – 701.0 million rubles.
To the second reading we form offers on providing at the expense of means of the regional budget of necessary volume of joint financing to means of the federal budget.
At the same time has to note that the need for budgetary funds for construction and design of gasification facilities, water supply, and implementation of projects on complex housing building makes about 2.4 billion rubles (it is confirmed with documentation, budget calculations).
more than 2.0 billion rubles are necessary on construction,
about 300.0 million rubles on development of the project documentation,
48 million rubles on implementation of projects on improvement of rural territories.
Besides, needing improvement of living conditions (people on the waiting list according to the state program of 600 families), about 1 billion rubles of budgetary funds are necessary.
We see still reserves on involvement of all municipal units in implementation of the program. It is possible to refer to lack of means in local budgets, difficulties of attraction of extrabudgetary sources, lack of ready projects, etc. Of course, there are parallel actions in other ministries of water, of gas, roads to social objects, initiative budgeting. But only the program of complex development of rural territories allows to resolve these issues in a complex, with attraction of the local budget and the population. Our task together with deputies to strengthen this work in areas where did not make the decision on participation yet. Except for an action for housing, only 17 areas also it is stated in the program insufficiently.
Therefore achievement of goals on improvement of quality of life of country people - our general task.
I thank for attention!